Oil Industry Abbreviations

AAMA American Automobile Manufacturers Association – formerly the MVMA (Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association) – USA

AAR Association of American Railroads

ACEA Association des Constructeurs Europeens d’Automobiles (Association of Automobile Constructors in Europe), formerly CCMC (Committee of Common Market Automobile Manufacturers)

AFNOR Association Francaise de Normalisation (France)

AGMA American Gear Manufacturers Association

AHEM Association of Hydraulic Equipment Manufacturers

ANSI American National Standards Institute

API American Petroleum Institute

ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials

ATC Technical Committee of Petroleum Additive Manufacturers in Europe

ATF Automatic transmission fluid

ATIEL Association Technique de l’Industrie Europeenne des Lubricants

BMEP Brake Mean Effective Pressure

BOCL Ball On Cylinder Lubricant Evaluator (ASTM D5001)

BP British Pharmacopoeia

BSI British Standards Institution

BTC British Technical Council of the Motor and Petroleum Industries

CAFE Corporate average fuel economy (USA)

CARB California Air Resources Board

CCMC Committee of Common Market Automobile Constructors – now called ACEA (Association of Automobile Constructors in Europe)

CCS Cold cranking simulator

CEC Coordinating European Council

CFC Chlorofluorocarbon

CFPP Cold filter plugging point

CI Compression ignition (engine)

CMA Chemical Manufacturers Association (USA)

CNG Compressed natural gas

COC Cleveland Open Cup

CONCAWE Conservation of Clean Air and Water – Europe

CRC Coordinating Research Council (USA)

CVT Continuously variable transmission

DEO Diesel engine oil

DIN Deutsches Institut fur Normung (Germany)

DOT Department of Transport (USA)

DPF Diesel (Engine) Particulate Filter

EGR Exhaust Gas Recirculation

EMA Engine Manufacturers Association (USA)

EOLCS Engine Oil Licensing and Certification System

EP Extreme pressure

EPA Environmental Protection Agency (USA)

ERBP Equilibrium Reflux Boiling Point

FDA Food and Drug Administration (US Government Authority)

FMVSS Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards

FZG Forschungsstelle fur Zahnrader und Getriebebau (Research Institute for Gears and Gear Design) (Germany)

GC Gas chromatography

GLC Gas liquid chromatography

GTL Gas to liquid

HCFC Hydrochlorofluorocarbon

HDDO Heavy duty diesel engine oil

HDEO Heavy duty engine oil

HDEOCP Heavy Duty Engine Oil Classification Panel

HFC Hydrochlorofluorocarbon

HPLC High performance (or pressure) liquid chromatography

HTHS High temperature high shear rate viscosity

HVAC Heating, ventilation air conditioning (building services)

ICP Inductively coupled plasma

IDI Indirect diesel injection

ILMA Independent Lubricant Manufacturers Association

ILSAC International Lubricant Standardisation and Approval Committee

IP The Institute of Petroleum (UK)

ISO International Standards Association

JAMA Japanese Automobile Manufacturers Association

JASO Japanese Automobile Standards Organisation

JIS Japan Industry Standard

LC Liquid chromatography

LFG Landfill gas

LFGEO Landfill gas engine oil

LMOA Locomotive Maintenance Officers Association

LNG Liquefied natural gas

LPG Liquefied petroleum gas

MBBL Thousand barrels

MCL Marine cylinder lubricant

MIL U.S. Military specifications

MIRA Motor Industry Research Association (UK)

MON Motor octane number

MRV Mini rotary viscometer

MSDS Material safety data sheet

MSO Marine system oil

MTAC Multiple test acceptance criteria

MTBE Methyl tertiary butyl ether

MVMA Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association (USA) – now AAMA (American Automobile Manufacturers Association)

NGEO Natural gas engine oil

NLGI National Lubricating Grease Institute

NMMA National Marine Manufacturers Association (USA)

NPRA National Petroleum Refiners Association (USA)

OEM Original equipment manufacturer

OPEC Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries

ORI Octane requirement increase

PAG Polyalkalene glycol synthetic fluid (used in some non-CFC refrigeration systems)

PAH Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon

PAJ Petroleum Association of Japan

PAO Polyalphaolefin

PCEOCP Passenger Car Engine Oil Classification Panel

PCMO Passenger car motor oil

PDS Product Data Sheet

PIB Polyisobutylene

PPD Pour point depressant

PT Permanent type antifreeze coolants

PTF Powershift transmission fluid

PTFE Polytetrafluoroethylene

RON Research octane number

RVP Reid Vapour Pressure

SAE Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc

SHPD Super high performance diesel (oil)

SI Spark ignition (engine), or Systeme International d’Unites (International System for Units)

SSI Shear stability index

STLE Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers

STOU Super tractor oil universal

TAME Tertiary amyl methyl ether

TDH Transmission, differential and hydraulic

THF Tractor hydraulic fluid

TOST Turbine oil stability test

TPEO Trunk piston engine oil

TWC Three way catalyst

USDA US Department of Agriculture

USP United States Pharmacopoeia

UTTO Universal tractor transmission oil

VHVI Very high viscosity index

VI Viscosity index

VII Viscosity index improver

XHPD Extra high performance diesel (oil)

ZDDP Zinc dialkyl (or diaryl) dithiophosphate